Whether you build it or buy it, your new home is likely to be the most expensive purchase you will ever make, according to CNN Money. The Internal Revenue Service provides some financial assistance by allowing you to write off some of the expenses associated with building a home, but you'll have to itemize your deductions if you want to take advantage of these write-offs.
Real Estate Taxes
Local governments typically derive the bulk of their operating income from a combination of real estate taxes and sales taxes. The IRS allows you to deduct the amount you paid for real estate taxes when building your new home. The taxes must be based on your property's assessed value, and all of the property in the taxing authority's jurisdiction must be charged a uniform rate. The tax can't be for a special privilege or service. It must be for the benefit of the general public. The tax has to be imposed on you, which means you don't get to take a write-off if you pay the real estate taxes on behalf of the person who sold you the land, and you have to actually pay the taxes during the tax year. Write off your real estate taxes on Form 1040, Schedule A, Line 6.
You can write off the amount you paid for either your state and local income taxes or state and local general sales taxes. In most years, choosing your state income tax will probably provide a larger deduction, but if you are building a new home you have the option of adding the sales taxes you paid for building materials to the amount listed on the IRS's sales tax table. Compare your combined sales tax expenses with your state and local income taxes to determine which provides you with the largest deduction. Write off your state and local sales taxes on Form 1040, Schedule A, Line 5.
Building your home might be more cost-effective than purchasing an existing home, but you're probably still going to have to take out a mortgage loan to pay for it. You can deduct the amount of mortgage interest you paid on that loan during the tax year, provided the loan is secured by your primary residence or a second home. In certain cases you can also write off any points you had to pay to secure your mortgage loan. Write off your mortgage interest and points on Lines 10, 11 or 12 of Schedule A, Form 1040.
Your mortgage lender might require you to carry mortgage insurance if you made a down payment of less than 20 percent of the value of the home you are building. The IRS allows you to write off your mortgage insurance premiums on Line 13 of Schedule A, Form 1040. Don't confuse mortgage insurance with your homeowner's insurance policy. They are not the same thing, and you can't write off amounts you paid for your homeowner's insurance.
Most expenses associated with building a new home are not tax-deductible. You may deduct no part of your down payment and n part of the principal of your mortgage loan. The costs of installing, connecting or paying for utilities also are not deductible. Settlement expenses, forfeited deposits, insurance other than mortgage insurance, and depreciation are not tax deductible.
- Internal Revenue Service: Publication 530, What You Can and Cannot Deduct
- TurboTax: The 10 Most Overlooked Tax Deductions
- CNN Money: 6 Biggest Mistakes Homebuyers Make
- Internal Revenue Service: Topic 503 - Deductible Taxes
- Internal Revenue Service: Schedule A
- Internal Revenue Service: Publication 530, Home Mortgage Interest
- Internal Revenue Service: Publication 530, Mortgage Insurance Premiums
Mike Parker is a full-time writer, publisher and independent businessman. His background includes a career as an investments broker with such NYSE member firms as Edward Jones & Company, AG Edwards & Sons and Dean Witter. He helped launch DiscoverCard as one of the company's first merchant sales reps.