Winning a house or one of those home makeovers should be a dream come true. However, that dream comes with a cost. Winners of such huge prizes also get big bills for upkeep, utilities and of course, taxes. The upfront taxes are hefty, and they're followed by a steady stream of tax bills. Those taxes can make it tough for winners of limited means to keep that dream home.
If the home is worth more than $1 million when you win it, you'll be placed in the highest tax bracket possible. As of 2018, that was 37 percent. Before you take the keys, you must fork over one-fourth of the home's value to the Internal Revenue Service. That means a $1 million dollar home will immediately cost you $250,000. Unless you have the money in hand, you can either sell the house or take out a home equity loan to pay the taxes. If you sell, you'll pay taxes on the price. If you borrow against the house, you can deduct the interest if you itemize.
You'll also get a property tax bill each year you own the home. Property taxes are charged by local governments based on the home's value, so you'll have to account for them each year. Some states do give some homeowners a break in this category. For example, Texas and Indiana allow its residents to lower the value that gets taxed; disabled persons may also get exemptions.
Paying state and local income and property taxes can ease the sticker shock on your prize. If you itemize, you can deduct these payments from your federal income taxes. However, you have to stay in the home to do that. If you can't afford to pay the income taxes upfront or get a loan to pay them, that could be hard to do.
"Winners" of renovations from "Extreme Makeover: Home Edition" and similar programs also get hit with tax issues. All that work increases the value of the home, and the property taxes too. One winner in California saw his property tax bill more than double.
Furthermore, the IRS has informally said owners owe income taxes on the improvements. To shield the owners from taxes, "Home Edition" "rents" the homes for less than 15 days, claiming that improvements during that time don't count as income to the "landlord" owners. The show pays "rent" by providing the furniture, electronics and appliances for the home.
- Internal Revenue Service: "You Won! What Now?"
- Internal Revenue Service: Publication 15 (Circular E): Employer's Tax Guide
- Internal Revenue Service: Tax Topics: Topic 503: Deductible Taxes
- USA Today: Bank forecloses on 'Extreme Makeover' homeowner
- Forbes: The New 2018 Federal Income Tax Brackets & Rates
- Internal Revenue Service: Reporting Miscellaneous Income
- Internal Revenue Service: Publication 505: Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax
- St. Jude Children's Research Hospital: St. Jude Dream Home Giveaway: Frequently Asked Questions
- Indiana Department of Local Government Finance: Homestead Standard Deduction and Other Deductions: Frequently Asked Questions; Revised Jan. 5, 2011
- Internal Revenue Services: Letter to The Honorable Marsha Blackburn, U.S. House of Representatives; Sept. 14, 2005
- Tennessee Comptroller of the Currency: Division of Property Assessments: How to Figure Your Tax Bill
Christopher Raines enjoys sharing his knowledge of business, financial matters and the law. He earned his business administration and law degrees from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. As a lawyer since August 1996, Raines has handled cases involving business, consumer and other areas of the law.