Land is one of the most solid investments available. It will always be worth something, and there's little chance of it being stolen. Raw land is undeveloped property with no buildings or other structures -- it is still in its natural state. If you're thinking about investing in it, the trick isn't so much about buying at a good price but selling at the right time for a good profit.
Investing in raw land is for people who can afford to wait years until someone comes calling for the land. It's not a good idea for people who want to do a quick flip or need to develop an immediate income stream.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Raw land is a good long-term investment.
Location of Property
Raw land values increase at a faster rate at the center of a growing city or around the perimeter of cities. But, any raw land in an area showing population growth is worth investment consideration because such growth attracts developers. The whole idea of investing in raw land is to choose property that will appreciate in value and attract a buyer who will pay more for it down the road.
Raw Land vs Developed Property
Investing in raw land is less costly than buying developed real estate in the same area simply because there are no improvements on raw land. However, banks are a bit more cautious about fronting money for raw land that is not being used for any income-producing purpose and will usually ask for a higher down payment -- sometimes up to 50 percent of the land purchase.
On the other hand, mortgage loans typically require a 20 percent down payment or less. Land loans also have shorter maturities -- 10 to 15 years versus 30 years for mortgage loans. You can also expect to pay higher interest rates for raw land than you would for mortgages.
Purchase Timing Matters
Economies at all levels are vulnerable to boom and bust cycles. Local economies are often tied to a major industry. The area may have a spike in population growth and lots of land and home sales for several years. Those boom years are followed by too much product on the market and a sharp decline in sales. You are more likely to make money on raw land if you buy during the bust cycles and sell during the boom cycles.
Pitfalls of Raw Land
Be leery of buying from owners who have held the property for only a short time, especially if the owner is a builder or developer. If they're trying to sell fast, it likely means they have inside knowledge that the land isn't as valuable, or won't be as valuable, as they thought. Raise another red flag on any property priced too low for the market. That can mean the land has fallen outside the path of progress.
You also need to visit the land itself, even if it means a road trip. Never invest in raw land based solely on photos in a slick sales brochure. Do a thorough investigation and don't allow a high-pressure salesman to rush you into a decision.
Good for Retirement Planning
Raw land is a long-term investment, For that reason, it's a good option for people who are least 10 years away from retirement and want to diversify their assets. It's not an ideal investment for pre-retirees who can't hold the property long enough to reap the benefits of rising values.
Tim Grant has been a journalist since 1989 and has worked for several daily newspapers, including the Charleston "Post & Courier," the "Savannah News-Press," the "Spartanburg Herald-Journal," the "St. Petersburg Times" and the "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette." He has covered a variety of subjects and beats, including crime, government, education, religion and business. He graduated from The Citadel with a Bachelor of Science in business administration.