The more credit card debt you carry, the tougher it may be to qualify for a mortgage. Paying down the balance on your cards helps, but you don't have to pay them off completely. While eliminating large credit card balances might seem attractive, you must be careful to avoid draining your bank account when you need money for a down payment and closing costs. In most cases, paying down your debts will help you, as long as you leave enough money in the bank to take care of the expenses that come with buying a home.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Paying down your cards can lower your debt-to-income ratio and improve your credit score so that it's easier to get a mortgage, but you may not need to do so. In any case, keep in mind that you'll still need sufficient cash in your bank account for a down payment and closing costs.
Understanding Your Debt-to-Income Ratio
One of the hoops you have to jump through when you apply for a mortgage is the debt-to-income ratio. The rule of thumb in the mortgage industry is that your housing payment plus your other monthly debts – credit card payments, student loans, car loans, alimony – shouldn't be more than 36 percent of your monthly pretax income. Paying down your credit cards allows for a larger monthly payment on your mortgage, insurance and property taxes.
Considering Your Credit Score
Thirty percent of your credit score is based on how much you owe. The credit scorer Fair Isaac Corp. says it's not just the dollar amount but also how much of your available credit you've used up. If you carry, say, $9,000 on your cards, it will hurt your credit score more if your ceiling is $10,000 than if it's $20,000. Paying down enough of your debt to improve your credit-utilization ratio will make lenders look at you much more favorably.
Planning Your Down Payment
The National Association of Realtors says that in many cases you're better off putting money toward your down payment than your credit cards. For a good deal, you often need 20 percent of the purchase price down and then even more money for the closing costs. The association says that paying off $1,000 on your credit cards, for example, won't improve your position as much as having that money in your bank when you close.
Weighing the Options
It's up to you to balance the options based on your individual financial situation. If you have a horrible credit-utilization ratio, paying down your balance to improve that might be the best move. If your credit card debt isn't overwhelming and your bank account is empty, saving for the down payment may be the better choice. With high balances and no savings, the only option may be waiting until you're in better shape financially.
A graduate of Oberlin College, Fraser Sherman began writing in 1981. Since then he's researched and written newspaper and magazine stories on city government, court cases, business, real estate and finance, the uses of new technologies and film history. Sherman has worked for more than a decade as a newspaper reporter, and his magazine articles have been published in "Newsweek," "Air & Space," "Backpacker" and "Boys' Life." Sherman is also the author of three film reference books, with a fourth currently under way.