How do I Invest in Stock for Beginners?

Successful investing requires time and effort to research stocks, but such effort improves your chances of profit.

Successful investing requires time and effort to research stocks, but such effort improves your chances of profit.

Inexperienced investors often fall prey to hot stock tips from email stock promotions and supposedly inside information from friends. This is how most beginning investors lose their money. As with so many things, the amount of homework you put into your investing activities, the greater your chance of success. The stock market is a constantly fluctuating field and each stock fluctuates on its own. It is possible to make excellent investments and book substantial profits, but the reality is that losses are just as likely. Knowledge is your best tool and best defense.

Open an account at a reputable online brokerage firm that has tutorials, paper trading programs and the ability to call a customer representative to ask questions. Take extensive advantage of the tutorials and practice tools.

Watch investment shows on television and take notes. Pick a few of the stocks suggested and research them by reading their quarterly and annual reports, news and analyst recommendations. These are all available online.

Select five stocks to paper trade. Continue paper trading until you understand how the securities markets work.

Confine your first actual investments to the most conservative stocks. A good list to choose from are the 30 stocks that make up the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA).

Invest no more than half your investment money in your first transaction. Keep the rest in reserve in case you wish to buy more stock on a dip or see another stock you think would make a good investment.


  • Only invest money that you will not need in the foreseeable future because you don't want to have to sell out a good stock position at a temporary market low because you need the money to pay bills.


  • Do not borrow money to buy stocks. That includes buying stocks on margin. Highly-experienced stock traders avoid margin because it can greatly increase your losses if the stock market unexpectedly drops.

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About the Author

Victoria Duff specializes in entrepreneurial subjects, drawing on her experience as an acclaimed start-up facilitator, venture catalyst and investor relations manager. Since 1995 she has written many articles for e-zines and was a regular columnist for "Digital Coast Reporter" and "Developments Magazine." She holds a Bachelor of Arts in public administration from the University of California at Berkeley.

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