You need to be careful when buying a used car to make sure you don't inherit a loan, or any other kind of lien against it. Most liens will be for vehicle loans, but some may be filed by mechanics or repair shops because of an unpaid bill. If you accept and record a title with a lien, you probably will be responsible for paying that debt.
Examine the title given you by the seller. Find the line that says "Lienholder" or something similar, normally on the back of the title where the seller signs to assign the car title to you. Ask the seller to explain or remove any lien listed there before you sign as "Buyer" to accept the assignment of title.
Check an online database of the National Motor Vehicle Registration System, vehiclehistory.gov, to find any liens or other claims against a vehicle you are thinking of buying. Open "Check Vehicle History," enter the Vehicle Identification Number and track the title history. Examine the complete title history to see what liens were ever recorded and when or if they were removed. Refer to one of several other vehicle information databases to reinforce this check.
Ask your state's motor vehicle division or other license-issuing agency, using the VIN, if any liens are recorded against that vehicle. Use this as an alternative to the national online system or as a double-check, before you buy a used car, especially from an individual. Make sure there are no liens recorded before you apply for a new title in your name and register the car to get a license.
Items you will need
- Car title
- Vehicle Identification Number
- How to Buy a For Sale by Owner Car
- What Are the Benefits of a Warranty Deed?
- Is a Car Loan Unsecured Debt?
- The Process to Sell Your Own Vehicle With a Lien
- Can Liens Be Upheld on a Warranty Deed?
- Laws on Selling Cars Without a Title
- What If a Dealer Sells You a Damaged Car?
- What Kind of Deed for a Paid-Off Mortgage?